Basics, concepts and influences:
A work-oriented understanding of innovation and innovation
Innovations are called the growth engine of social development. Innovation capacity is considered to be the decisive indicator of economic and technological performance, international competitiveness and entrepreneurial viability.
If a company is innovative, this is synonymous with its performance. Innovative companies are more successful in the market and show positive employment trends.
What is understood by innovation is interpreted differently. In Germany, the term is very often applied to economic activities and to social developments in connection with new technologies. In recent social science-oriented discussions about innovation, questions about the process and the factors that are relevant to a company’s capacity for innovation and successful innovation management come to the fore.
In this chapter, a look at the different concepts and ideas, a work-oriented understanding of innovation and the prerequisites of operational innovation capability is developed.
The term innovation between technology, management and society
Innovation is the term most commonly used in the discussion of sustainability and progress. He is positively occupied.
Activities, discussions and publications on innovation have increased significantly in recent years. The management literature focuses on innovation and sees this as the solution to current economic problems. Lack of innovative ability is identified as the cause of the crisis. An increasing number of institutions are active here, often using public funds to promote innovation and innovation activities. Networks of business, science and financial service providers, transfer of knowledge from business and science, merging of economic and technological factors and the combination of knowledge, new technologies and economic goals are named as goals.
Innovations can be related to technical, social, organizational or even ecological content. They can be of a fundamental nature or represent an improvement. They can be triggered or triggered more by the demand of users or more by technology and conditions in the enterprise as source of innovation or impulse generator. They can assert themselves through the political action of the state, through the actions of social actors, the economic activity of companies or the behavior of citizens and consumers. Innovations arise through the activities of companies or social institutions, the research activities of scientific institutions or the activities of individuals or groups. However, the lonely inventor’s model is no longer valid, and research results are far from being a usable innovation. Rather, today it is people who interact with each other and who, in doing so, bring innovations to life in companies and in markets. This arises within the national and international political framework, the economic conditions, the business environment and the social discourse, from which impetus, support and encouragement can emanate.
Fundamentally, innovation can be understood both as a result (new products, new services and new processes) and as a process. Result-oriented concepts of innovation are more technically and company-oriented and individualistic. Process- and interaction-related concepts focus on the factors for the emergence of innovations, innovativeness, innovation culture and innovation systems. They emphasize human resources as influencing factors.
Technology and enterprise-oriented concepts for innovation
At many transfer and advisory institutions, in the innovation, technology and economic policy of the federal and state governments, in the innovation / start-up and technology centers for economic development of the municipalities, business associations and research institutes, a largely technology- and economic-oriented concept for innovation is visible.